Wondering what is the Chernobyl Sarcophagus is and how it protects from radiation? We can help.
The sarcophagus at Chernobyl was built as an effort to contain the subsequent radiation around the site. This sarcophagus was built around the Number 4 Reactor, where the actual incident took place. Its construction and purpose is not universally understood.
The sarcophagus was effective in preventing further damage to the Earth’s atmosphere. Builders started by placing a giant cooling slab beneath the reactor in order to prevent the burning reactor from burning a hole in the base of thereactor.
As of November 1986 the sarcophagus was built to contain the Number 4 Reactor. Its completion required more than 7,000 tons of steel and 410,000m3 of concrete.
Originally, the sarcophagus was only designed to protect the site anywhere between 20 – 30 years. Researchers have noted its instability poses a threat of releasing further radiation.
The latest reports indicate water leaking into the sarcophagus through small holes in the roof. The subsequent water leeches radiation and settles into the underlying soil. The support beams have also steadily corroded over time. Scientists have gone on record saying the next nuclear catastrophe will occur at Chernobyl itself as a result of the weakening protective shield.
Officials estimate the reactor still contains about 95% of its original fuel, meaning it will continue to pose a danger for years.